Places

Ireland

What is known of pre-Christian Ireland comes from references in Roman writings, Irish poetry and myth, and archaeology. The Iron Age in Ireland began about 600 BCE. The period between the start of the Iron…

Places

Australia

The first known landing in Australia by Europeans was by Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606. Later that year, Spanish explorer Luís Vaz de Torres sailed through, and navigated, Torres Strait islands. Twenty-nine other Dutch…

Places

Hong Kong

The region of Hong Kong has been inhabited since the Old Stone Age, later becoming part of the Chinese empire with its loose incorporation into the Qin dynasty (221–206 BC). Starting out as a farming…

Places

Poland

The history of Poland has its roots in the early migrations of Slavs, who established permanent West Slavic settlements in the Polish lands during the Early Middle Ages. The first ruling dynasty, the Piasts, emerged…

Places

Venice

Although no surviving historical records deal directly with the founding of Venice, tradition and the available evidence have led several historians to agree that the original population of Venice consisted of refugees—from nearby Roman cities…

Places

Italy

The history of Italy covers the Ancient Period, the Middle Ages and the modern era. In antiquity, Italy was the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the Roman Empire. Rome was founded as…

Places

Germany

The concept of Germany as a distinct region in central Europe can be traced to Roman commander Julius Caesar, who referred to the unconquered area east of the Rhine as Germania, thus distinguishing it from…

Places

Russia

The history of Russia begins with the histories of the East Slavs, Turkic and the Finno-Ugric peoples. The traditional start-date of specifically Russian history is the establishment of the Rus’ state in the north in…